Differentiation Within a Single Culture
A people is a group of people considered a unit having common interests, values and aspirations. Historically, the concept of a people has been used as a theory guiding social policies, struggles for national identity and political movements. Although the concept of a people has not been used in the same way since the time of ancient Greece and Rome, it still has tremendous relevance in our contemporary society.
The term people has a rather long history going back to the days of Plato. The idea was that there were several different types of people namely the immortal souls or immortal beings or individuals who had lived a fully normal life, and were destined to return to earth as a unique individual. Plato believed that there were four distinct kinds of people namely the soul, the body, the members and the blood. The idea underlies the concept that the human species is divided into a few different groups, the most important of which being the human beings.
Another meaning of the word people is a political concept used to designate a nation, ethnic group or community. In early history, the concept tended to be applied to particular religious communities, or clan and social organizations. For instance, the word people is used to identify the Jewish people or the Christians in early times. It was also used in identifying the tribal inhabitants of a particular territory. Another example is the designation of the inhabitants of Ireland by the Irish themselves.
The concept of the word people has also been used in naming the members of political parties in countries like Scotland. The party was named after the region where it was originally established. The name often continued the name of the leader of the party, or a prominent member of the group, such as an MP. Party names and other identifying information is sometimes displayed on street banners, and some high street shops use this as part of their branding. It is also occasionally displayed on the official website of an ethnic group.
People can be of several different cultural groups. There are many definitions of what ethnics really are. For instance, ethnics are those who believe that human beings are one biological species, and that each group has its own characteristics and features. Aesthetics scholars would argue against this definition, since each culture has its own expression and ideas, and some cultures do not coincide with others at all.
However, there is another school of thought within anthropology that says that all people have an individual expression, and that these expressions are culturally specific. The cultural expressions of people are in some ways genetically similar to one another. For instance, all humans are likely to respond to androgyny in some ways. Similarly, all cultures in the world have music that is significant to them. Thus, while some may see ethnics as a meaningful concept, others would view this as totally different from other cultures.